The Hamilton Project presents a series of facts that provide relevant background to the water crisis in the United States, focusing on critical supply and demand issues. This set of facts aims to provide an objective, economic framing to the complex landscape of the water crisis and Americas relationship with water. The first section, The Occurrence of Drought in the United States, reviews the landscape of water supply and demand. The next section, The Importance of Water to the U.S. Economy, describes various economic industries that rely heavily on water. The final section, Economic Barriers to Efficient Uses of Water, presents several challenges to effective water management.