Food, Energy and Water Security: Implications for U.S. National Security
Food, Energy and Water Security: Implications for U.S. National Security
Christopher B. Field is the Perry L. McCarty Director of the Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment and the Melvin and Joan Lane Professor for Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies in the Biology Department of the School of Humanities and Sciences at Stanford University. He is also a Professor of Earth System Science in the Stanford School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences and a Senior Fellow of the Stanford Precourt Institute for Energy. Prior to his appointment as Woods' Perry L. McCarty Director, Field served as Director of the Carnegie Institution for Science's Department of Global Ecology, which he founded in 2002. Field's tenure at the Carnegie Institution dates back to 1984.
Field's research focuses on climate change, ranging from work on improving climate models to prospects for renewable energy systems and community organizations that can minimize the risk of a tragedy of the commons. He has been deeply involved with national and international scale efforts to advance science and assessment related to global ecology and climate change. He served as co-chair of Working Group II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) from 2008 to 2015, where he led the effort on the IPCC Special Report on “Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation” (2012) and the Working Group II contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (2014) on Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Field assumed leadership of the Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment in September 2016.
Field holds a bachelor’s degree in biology from Harvard College and earned his Ph.D. in biology from Stanford in 1981.
Arun Majumdar is the Jay Precourt Professor at Stanford University, a faculty member of the Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering (by courtesy) and co-director of the Precourt Institute for Energy.
Majumdar's current research focuses on using electrochemical reactions for thermal energy conversion, thermochemical water splitting reactions to produce carbon-free hydrogen, understanding the limits of heat transport in nanostructured materials and a new effort to re-engineer the electricity grid.
In October 2009, Majumdar was nominated by President Obama and confirmed by the Senate to become the Founding Director of the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E), where he served until June 2012, and helped ARPA-E become a model of excellence for the government with bipartisan support from Congress and other stakeholders. Between March 2011 and June 2012, he
also served as the Acting Under Secretary of Energy, enabling the portfolio that reported to him: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Electricity Delivery and Reliability, Office of Nuclear Energy and Office of Fossil Energy, as well as multiple cross-cutting efforts, such as Sunshot, Grid Tech Team and others that he had initiated.
Majumdar also served as Vice President for Energy at Google, where he created several energy technology initiatives, especially at the intersection of data, computing and the electricity grid, and advised the company on its broader energy strategy.
Majumdar received his bachelor's degree in Mechanical Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, in 1985 and his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in 1989.
Rosamond Naylor is the Director of the Center on Food Security and the Environment. She holds the William Wrigley Professorship, Earth System Science, in the School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences and is a Professor of Economics (by courtesy) at Stanford University. She also is a senior fellow with Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies and the Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment.
Naylor’s research focuses on economic and biophysical dimensions of food security and environmental impacts of crop and animal production. She has been involved in many field-level research projects around the world and has published widely on issues related to intensive crop production, aquaculture and livestock systems, biofuels, climate change, food price volatility and food policy analysis. At Stanford, Naylor teaches courses on the World Food Economy, Human-Environment Interactions and Sustainable Agriculture.
Naylor currently serves on the Scientific Advisory Board for the Beijer Institute in Stockholm, is a Science Advisor for UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon’s initiative on Sustainable Development (Sustainable Agriculture section) and a trustee of The Nature Conservancy California Chapter. She also serves on the editorial board of the journals Global Food Security and Journal on Food Security.
Naylor received her B.A. in Economics and Environmental Studies from the University of Colorado, her M.Sc. in Economics from the London School of Economics and her Ph.D. in applied economics from Stanford University.
Admiral Gary Roughead served as the U.S. Navy’s 29th Chief of Naval Operations after holding six operational commands. He is one of only two officers in the history of the Navy to have commanded both the U.S. Atlantic and Pacific Fleets.
As the Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Roughead led the Navy through a challenging period of transition in fiscal, security and personnel matters. He accelerated the Navy’s capability and capacity in ballistic missile defense and unmanned air and underwater systems.
He reestablished the Fourth and Tenth Fleets to better focus on the Western Hemisphere and cyber operations respectively, and introduced bold programs to prepare for the primacy of information in warfare.
In retirement, Admiral Roughead is the Robert and Marion Oster Distinguished Military Fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, and serves on the boards of directors of the Northrop Grumman Corporation, Maersk Lines, Ltd and the Center for a New American Security. He is a Trustee of Dodge and Cox Funds, and serves on the Board of Managers of the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. He advises companies in the national security and medical sectors.
Barton H. "Buzz" Thompson is the Robert E. Paradise Professor in Natural Resources Law and a Senior Fellow and Founding Perry L. McCarty Director of the Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment.
Thompson's research focuses on the sustainable use of water and other natural resources, and on the effective design of regulatory institutions. The author of multiple books on water, the environment and property, Thompson has published articles on such diverse topics as water markets, fisheries management, biodiversity protection, land conservation, the use of economics and market tools in environmental regulation and cognitive barriers to resource management.
Thompson is chairman of the board of the Resources Legacy Fund, the Resources Legacy Fund Foundation, the American Farmland Trust and the Stanford Habitat Conservation Board; a California trustee for The Nature Conservancy; and a board member of both the Sonoran Institute and the Santa Lucia Conservancy. He previously served as a member of the Science Advisory Board for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. In 2008, the Supreme Court appointed Thompson to serve as the special master in Montana v. Wyoming (137 Original).
David Welna is NPR's national security correspondent.
He covered Congress over a 13-year period starting in 2001, reporting extensively on matters related to national security. He covered Capitol Hill debates over authorizing the use of military force prior to the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as the expansion of government surveillance practices arising from Congress's approval of the USA Patriot Act. Welna also reported on congressional probes into the use of torture by U.S. officials interrogating terrorism suspects. He traveled with Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel to Afghanistan on the Pentagon chief's first overseas trip in that post. Welna first filed stories for NPR in 1982, as a freelancer based in Buenos Aires. From there, and subsequently from Rio de Janeiro, he covered events throughout South America. In 1995, Welna became the chief of NPR's Mexico bureau. In 1998, after 15 years of reporting from abroad for NPR, Welna joined NPR's Chicago bureau. He has also reported for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, The Financial Times and The Times of London. Welna's photography has appeared in Esquire, The New York Times, The Paris Review and The Philadelphia Inquirer.
A native of Minnesota, Welna graduated magna cum laude from Carleton College in Northfield, Minn. with a Bachelor of Arts degree and distinction in Latin American Studies. He was subsequently a Thomas J. Watson Foundation fellow.