In February 2005, the Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment sponsored a dialogue, attended by a small group of public and private leaders, on how states can play a more active and effective role in protecting endangered species. Recommendations from the dialogue were provided to Congress to help inform their decisions on the ESA’s reauthorization, including a briefing for Congressional staff by institute co-director Buzz Thompson and other dialogue participants.

A new textbook, "The Endangered Species Act and Federalism: Effective Conservation through Greater State Commitment," examines states' role in enforcing the U.S. Endangered Species Act. The book is an output from the uncommon dialogue and is edited by Co-Director Buzz Thompson and wildlife consultant Kaush Arha.