Justin is a 3rd year PhD student in the Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment & Resources (E-IPER) in the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford University. He belongs to the Climate & Earth System Dynamics lab where—under the supervision of Noah Diffenbaugh—he characterizes and quantifies the consequences of climate variability and change for people in the developing world. In examining human vulnerability to climate, Justin tests whether and how climate change may influence the likelihood or dynamics of civil conflict, focusing on climate, water availability, and agriculture in Afghanistan. In this research, he draws upon his civil service career in intelligence work, including his deployments to nations embroiled in the harsh realities of 21st C. development and violent conflict. He holds degrees from Columbia University (BA, MPA) and London School of Economics (MS). Find him at:  or